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Tourism and Quality of Life: How Does Tourism Measure Up?
Muzzo (Muzaffer) Uysal
Journal of Cleaner Production
Ana Gueimonde Canto , Lidia Blanco Cerradelo , José Antonio Fraiz Brea , Isabel Diéguez
There is a large volume of literature focusing on the factors determining the competitiveness of tourist destinations. Nevertheless, research delving deep into the dimensions comprising tourist competitiveness is still scarce; even more so when it comes to the competitiveness of specific types of destinations. In this contribution we tackle the conceptualization and measurement of the tourist competitiveness of protected areas, a specific type of destinations enjoying not just intrinsic, but even exceptional, features. More precisely, the topics of our research are as follows: to comprehend the notion of tourist competitiveness in the aforementioned type of territories, to identify the appropriate measuring scales, to establish the dimensions of the construct, and to characterize the relations existing among the latter dimensions. In order to do so we analyze a sample of 102 protected areas in Spain (National Parks, Natural Parks, and Biosphere Reserves). The results obtained entitle us to assert that the tourist competitiveness of protected areas is comprised of five dimensions significantly and positively related, to wit: (1) their capability to attract visitors, (2) the social welfare of the local community, and, tourist sustainability related with (3) the preservation of nature, (4) the creation of a sense of community, (5) the economic welfare of the local community. Since we also assert that in protected areas the maximization of attractiveness is compatible with, and even requires, pursuing the community's welfare and cohesion together with environmental sustainability, our study impinges on the management of tourist destinations by highlighting the need to consider jointly all five competitiveness dimensions.
Jorge Ridderstaat , Robertico Croes
Journal of Sustainable Tourism
Haywantee Ramkissoon (PhD)
This paper contributes to the advancement of quality-of-life research in tourism by examining complex relationships involving direct, mediated, moderated and moderated mediation relationships among the antecedents to quality-of-life. Using a sample of 222 repeat visitors in an Australian national park, the findings indicate positive significant effects of (1) place satisfaction on quality-of-life; (2) place satisfaction on place attachment; (3) place attachment on quality-of-life; (4) park citizenship on place attachment. The findings further support that (5) place attachment mediates the relationship between place satisfaction and quality-of-life; (6) social involvement moderates the relationship between place satisfaction and place attachment; (7) park citizenship moderates the relationship between place satisfaction and place attachment; (8) social involvement moderates the relationship between place attachment and quality-of-life; (9) social involvement moderates the indirect effect of place satisfaction on quality-of-life. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed. Park managers, for example, need to promote on-site marketing and post-visit communication/interpretation, encouraging repeat visits and behavioural change. Message delivery needs to promote a sense of belonging to the park with personal meaning, creating place distinctiveness. Personal actions to promote include signing petitions supporting the park's biodiversity, and other resources, and volunteering to participate in meetings and other direct actions. KEYWORDS: Quality-of-life, place satisfaction, place attachment, park citizenship, social involvement, moderated mediation
The concept of Quality of Life (QoL) is implicit in conceptualisations of tourism, especially those used to develop and guide tourism policy and planning. At the individual level it is assumed that travel offers a number of different ways to improve the QoL of the tourist, through contributions to physical health, stress release, learning and skills building. At the community level tourism development is typically presented as a tool to improve or enhance the QoL of destination residents. More recent analyses of the actual contributions that tourism makes to the QoL of destination communities have demonstrated both the complexity of the concept and suggested that tourism may not always make the assumed QoL contributions. Research to date on the links between travel and individual QoL has focussed mostly on describing the range of contributions, especially for younger travellers and specific forms of tourism such as volunteering, backpacking and educational tourism, often associated with youth tourists. This research does have, however, a number of issues including problems with survivor bias and a reliance on inferring the QoL contributions from descriptions of travel experiences. This paper seeks to contribute to improving our understanding of the linkages between QoL and tourism through an exploratory study of young people’s social representations of QoL in general. By studying representations of Qol outside of the tourism context it is possible to more critically examine the role that tourism might play at both an individual and a community level. At the individual level it allows for an analysis of how important travel is, if at all, in QoL, while at the community level it provides insights into how tourism impacts could affect younger destination residents. Improving our understanding of the relationship between tourism and QoL has implications for several aspects of tourism policy and planning related to product development, choices about directions for destination development, and the provision of access to travel opportunities for citizens.
Nick Naumov, Ph.D
Cultural heritage has widely been regarded as one of the key tourism products of both developing and developed countries. The spectacular growth of heritage tourism in the last few decades and the growing popularity of intangible heritage reveal the crucial importance of heritage and cultural assets in terms of economic, socio-cultural and political dimensions. This paper analyses the importance of cultural heritage as a tourism resource in the context of St Anastasia – a small island close to the city of Burgas (Bulgaria) successfully developed as a tourism attraction. Based on participant observation and content analysis of published advertising materials, this paper critically analyses the perspectives of heritage development and further examines some potential issues that may negatively affect its level of conservation and authenticity. The research findings reveal a number of controversial strategies for heritage development and management. Although the is-land has a huge potential for development, an emphasis has been put on the economic value of heritage, thus neglecting its cultural importance. Moreover, the initial opening of the island and the proposed strategy for tourism development do not adhere to the principles of sustainable tourism and fail to represent a long-term perspective about how heritage resources should be conserved, preserved and managed.
Tourism and Hospitality Research
Janne Liburd , Deborah Edwards
Tourism & Management Studies
Yuliana Putri Adinda
International journal of Economic Research
Seyedeh Fatemeh Ghasempour Ganji
Competitiveness factors of a tourism destination and impact on residents’ quality of life: The case of Cittaslow-Seferihisar
B. Bynum Boley , Muzzo (Muzaffer) Uysal
B. Bynum Boley , Tom Hammett
Journal of Travel Research (in press)
Robin Nunkoo, Ph.D , Kevin Kam Fung So
Journal of Travel Research
Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Research
Robin Nunkoo, Ph.D , Haywantee Ramkissoon (PhD)
Journal of Hospitality Marketing & Management
Tourism: An International …
Gábor Michalkó , Tamara Ratz
WONDIRAD Amare Nega (Ph.D.)
Tourism Engagement: Co-creating Well-being Proceedings of the 6th Advances in Tourism Marketing Conference
Jyoni Tetsurō Shuler
Kornelia Kiss , Michalkó Gábor , Gábor Michalkó
Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry (MAA)
Robin Nunkoo, Ph.D
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Handbook of Tourism and Quality-of-Life Research II pp 429–443 Cite as
Ethnic Tourism and Quality of Life: Community Perspectives
- Li Yang 11 ,
- Xiang (Robert) Li 12 &
- Xingyu Huang 12
- First Online: 24 September 2023
Part of the International Handbooks of Quality-of-Life book series (IHQL)
Ethnic tourism has recently been promoted as an economic development and cultural preservation strategy in many destinations. This tactic can have significant impacts on residents’ quality of life (QOL) in ethnic communities whose development potential is limited. This study reviews research at the intersection of ethnic tourism and QOL to examine how such tourism affects host groups’ culture, ethnicity, and QOL from a community perspective. The review indicates that although substantial attention has been devoted to the impact of ethnic tourism in general, little effort has been made to link these insights to residents’ QOL. It is argued that a more comprehensive framework is needed which integrates objective and subjective measures to explore the potential of ethnic tourism to contribute to QOL as well as the degree to which it can extend across situations.
- Ethnic tourism
- Host groups’ culture
- Quality of life
- Community perspectives
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Authors and affiliations.
Department of Geography, Environment, and Tourism, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI, USA
Department of Tourism and Hospitality Management, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Xiang (Robert) Li & Xingyu Huang
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Correspondence to Li Yang .
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Department of Hospitality & Tourism Management, Isenberg School of Management, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, USA
Department of Marketing, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University, Blacksburg, VA, USA
M. Joseph Sirgy
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Yang, L., (Robert) Li, X., Huang, X. (2023). Ethnic Tourism and Quality of Life: Community Perspectives. In: Uysal, M., Sirgy, M.J. (eds) Handbook of Tourism and Quality-of-Life Research II. International Handbooks of Quality-of-Life. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-31513-8_29
DOI : https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-31513-8_29
Published : 24 September 2023
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Tourism and Quality of Life: Different Perceptions Within the Same Tourist Territory
Tourism activity generates positive and negative impacts several in the tourism receiving centers. That is, benefits and costs that, as highlighted by Soares, Pazos and Gabriel (2021), which can be appreciated through economic opportunities, social integration, improvement of infrastructure and services that impact on the quality of life of the community receiving the tourist flow. For this reason, establishing preferences linked to the tourism economy and social development requires a careful analysis in terms of the quality of life of the residents of that territory (Queiroz, 2017).
For Lemos (2016), in the same way that tourism brings development, it also promotes several modifications in the lives of residents of tourist destinations. These consequences are called social impacts and are visualized, mainly, in areas that were not prepared for a large tourist flow due to environmental, structural and social vulnerabilities of the location. Thus, individual and collective changes of values and behavior patterns occur (Fernandez et al., 2012).
From all this, this work seeks to understand how the impacts of tourism affect the quality of life of residents of tourist destinations. It seeks to investigate the perception of residents of Grande Pirambu, Beira Mar and Praia do Futuro. The three areas are located in the city of Fortaleza in Northeast Brazil (Figure 1).
Fortaleza map and location of Grande Pirambu, Beira Mar, and Praia do Futuro.
Tourism Impacts And Quality Of Life Of Residents
When talking about quality of life, it is understood that the development of a place should advocate the satisfaction of basic needs. Such as: education, health, decent housing, access to water, safety, and a and leisure, balanced environment (Stein et al., 2018). According Bâc (2012), the increase in tourism flow has the ability to generate through economic stimulation, improving the quality of life of residents.
According to Dias and Mendes (2002), the impacts related to the social dimension are regarding to relationships, economic balance, environment, citizenship, leisure, safety, and urban mobility. The quality of life is understood in its social perspective in respect to the local culture and the community preservation (Martins et al., 2002). In this sense, the social impacts caused by tourism promote great consequences in tourist places. These impacts refer to the relationship between residents and people who come from other places or countries, although changes in this sense are usually slow (Barreto, 2004). Finally, the development of the tourism sector will only be advantageous to the local population if it is planned (Quintero, 2004). Certainly, a planning that values the interests of residents and not only the interests of the market.
Quintero (2004) indicates that tourism can help improve the quality of life of residents of a given region thanks to its power to contribute to the provision of general infrastructure. In the same vein, Rosa and Kanikadam (2021) argue that the expansion of infrastructure caused by tourism has great importance in social impacts, because it stimulates, for example, building of large conglomerates of hotels, among other enterprises that are deployed to support the reception of tourist flows.
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Health and wellness crucial to improve people's quality of life, says Cholnan
Health and wellness should be developed together to improve people’s quality of life, Public Health Minister Cholnan Srikaew said on Thursday at “Health & Wealth Expo 2023”.
The exhibition of health and wealth products and services is being held in Bangkok until Sunday by Nation Group.
Cholnan said people are at risk of getting sick due to various factors, such as political tensions, social issues and the environment. He added that many of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals were related to health and wellness.
He said Thailand has the potential to develop wellness tourism, thanks to many famous tourist attractions, high quality medical services at a reasonable price and sufficient medical facilities.
“Thailand also has outstanding potential in alternative medicine,” he said, adding, the country needs more family physicians to ensure that all people can access medical treatment, as well as collaboration to maintain the country’s advantage in medical services.
Cholnan said the Public Health Ministry was working on its policy to take care of the people’s health along with stimulating the economy.
He said the ministry’s policies cover three aspects: tackling issues, setting up medical service standards, and stimulating the economy.
To tackle existing issues, secondary care hospitals are necessary to ensure all people can access treatment when there is a pandemic, he said, adding that secondary care is now available at the Royal Thai Airforce Hospital in Bangkok and Chiang Mai Neurological Hospital.
Regarding the setting up of service standards, he said the ministry is working to ensure that all people under the 30-baht healthcare scheme can access treatment anywhere using only their ID card.
Cholnan said Thailand would take part in “Expo 2025 Osaka” in Japan, under the concept “Smile” to showcase the country’s potential in healthcare.
"Smile" is an acronym for Siam, medical hub world destination, inspiration towards wellness community, living lab, and enchanting Thailand, he explained.
“Thailand has readiness in healthcare to boost the country’s prosperity, but it needs cooperation among parties to achieve that goal,” he added.
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Quality of life in moscow.
By Kevin Kiseljov Moscow is a lively city, rich in history and culture . It is Russia's national center for visual and performing arts and home to some of the best known performance companies in the world. Renowned for its grand architecture, the city boasts excellent travel connections and low cost of living . With more than 12 million residents, Moscow is among the most populous cities in the world, but roughly 40% of its territory is still covered by greenery.
Moscow is one of the top ten city matches for 4.7% of Teleport users.
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Costs of living in Moscow are in the 51st place of all 248 Teleport cities. Sign up for free to get access to our cost of living index and use our international cost of living calculator to do cost comparison by city.
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Software Engineer salaries in Moscow are low . For this job type, Moscow ranks 216th for salaries among 265 cities. Get access to our salary comparison calculator by signing up. Compare salaries city by city with our free salary wizard and convert your own salary to a local salary in Moscow .
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The overall crime rate puts Moscow in position 158 of 266 Teleport Cities in a ranking for the safest cities.
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Moscow (Russian: Москва, Moskva ) is the 860 year-old capital of Russia. A truly iconic, global city, Moscow has played a central role in the development of Russia and the world. For many, the sight of the Kremlin complex in the centre of the city is still loaded with symbolism and history. Moscow was the capital of the former Soviet Union and signs of its previous life are very visible even now.
Yet, there's more to Russia and its capital than just memories of the USSR. Architectural gems from the time of the Russian Empire are still dotted throughout Moscow, whilst signs of modern Tsars (or at least people with similar levels of wealth) abound.
Today, Moscow is a thriving, exuberant capital city that overflows with life, culture and sometimes traffic. A sprawling metropolis, Moscow is home to numerous museums, Soviet-era monoliths and post-Soviet kitsch, but continues to pave the way forward as Muscovites move into the 21st century.
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Dhahirah rapidly transforming to ensure better quality of life for residents
Muscat – Dhahirah governorate is forging ahead with an array of developmental projects aimed at enhancing the quality of life for its residents.
Under the guidance of His Majesty Sultan Haitham bin Tarik, the governorate is witnessing a rapid transformation, aligning with the Oman Vision 2040 objectives.
Governor Najeeb bin Ali al Rawas underlined the commitment of all parties to elevate the service levels across all sectors, with a specific focus on infrastructure and community projects. The collaboration between government bodies and the local community is pivotal, as it shapes the roadmap for the governorate’s future advancements.
A significant leap in Dhahirah’s infrastructure is marked by the inauguration of the water supply project from Sohar to Ibri, ensuring water sustainability and supporting groundwater reserves.
The much-anticipated dual road project from Ibri to Tanam, along with other road maintenance and communication network enhancements, underlines the strategic focus on connectivity and accessibility.
The governorate is not just building roads, but also pathways to cultural and recreational enrichment. Plans are set for an entertainment festival in Ibri and improvements in commercial zones, promising a boost in both commerce and tourism.
In the field of digital transformation, Dhahirah is streamlining services, reflecting the national drive towards e-governance.
Partnerships with oil companies are yielding community projects like walkways and public parks, contributing to the environmental and social fabric of the region.
In tandem, health services are scaling up, with initiatives like the child-friendly hospital and mental health programmes, reinforcing a commitment to the wellbeing of its citizens.
The education sector is also in the spotlight, with 83 schools educating over 44,000 students, a testament to the region’s investment in its future generations.
In the heritage and tourism landscape of Dhahirah, progress has been witnessed in investment within the hospitality sector. The governorate now boasts 35 hotel and tourism properties, including hotels, guesthouses, and eco-friendly inns – a significant leap from 20 establishments in 2021, marking a growth of 75%.
Guest occupancy in these establishments rose to 12,814 by the end of 2022. Visitor engagement with the region’s historical treasures – its castles and forts – also grew, drawing 4,543 visitors, marking a 38% rise in tourism.
Tourist attractions in total greeted 17,357 visitors. As of the end of August this year, hotel establishments have already hosted 18,000 guests, signaling a continued upward trend in visitor numbers.
The private sector, spearheaded by the Oman Chamber of Commerce and Industry, is nurturing entrepreneurship, with a focus on innovative projects and skill development.
On the investment front, Ibri Industrial City stands as a beacon of industrial growth, with investments surpassing RO1.35bn.
The housing sector is distributing land and supporting food security projects, reflecting a holistic approach to development.
The agricultural sector is thriving with efforts to bolster food security through sustainable practices and support for wheat cultivation, while focusing on pest management to protect the vital date palm industry.
The governorate’s wheat cultivation has rise with 474 farmers managing 245 acres, yielding over 250 tonnes of grain.
With an output of approximately 2.77 tonnes per acre, the agricultural directorate has introduced new, sophisticated machinery to streamline the harvesting process.
Social welfare programmes have been robust, with over 3,000 social studies conducted to tailor assistance to those in need, while environmental initiatives aim to combat desertification and preserve biodiversity.
Dhahirah governorate is charting a course of comprehensive development, reflecting Oman’s aspirations for a prosperous future that balances progress with cultural and environmental preservation.
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Delhi air pollution spikes to 100 times WHO health limit
Season of smog begins with air quality index near worst possible level of 500 and little apparent progress in controlling annual poisonous blight on life
Air quality in Delhi hit severe levels on Friday and a thick toxic smog cloaked the city, marking the beginning of a pollution season that has become an annual catastrophe for India’s capital.
Schools were shut and non-essential construction was banned around Delhi as the air quality index in the city hit 500 – the highest the measurement will go and 100 times the limit deemed to be healthy by the World Health Organisation (WHO).
Air quality in the city had declined over the past week, attributed to a sharp rise in farmers in the neighbouring states of Haryana and Punjab burning their fields during the crop planting season, compounded by winds that carried the pollutants into Delhi and a drop in temperatures trapping the particles.
In recent days, the state of Punjab saw a 740% increase in farm fires, with more than a thousand recorded in a single day. Other causes of pollution in the city are car emissions, construction and the burning of rubbish at waste plants.
However, the pollution early warning systems in Delhi reportedly failed to predict the further rapid deterioration in conditions that took place late on Thursday.
Delhi, home to about 33 million people, is regularly ranked the most polluted city in the world . According to this year’s air quality life index, compiled by the University of Chicago’s energy policy institute, the people of Delhi could have their lives shortened by 11.9 years due to the poor air they breathe.
Doctors in Delhi said they had already begun to see the damaging impacts of pollution on the city’s residents. “The number of patients with breathing problems has increased, with more people having coughs, colds, watery and irritated eyes, and breathing problems. People of all ages are affected by this. It is time for us to wear masks and go out only when needed,” said Nikhil Modi, a doctor at Apollo hospital in Delhi.
According to the central pollution control board, pollution levels in Delhi in October were at their worst since 2020.
Despite the Delhi government, run by the Aam Admi party (AAP), insisting it has a pollution action plan, it appears there has been little impact on the sharp decline in air quality that blights the lives of Delhi residents every year, usually between November and January.
Methods deployed by the AAP government to tackle pollution have included the sprinkling of water on roads to reduce dust and the building of two 80ft high “smog towers”, costing more than $2m each, that are supposed to clean the air but have been deemed by scientists to be largely ineffective.
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